Scot to NC 1774
Henry / Hendrys in Colonial N.C.Early 1700 North Carolina was virgin land with very few settlers - the New Frontier. Eight men were the rightful owners of the entire state, but with few, if any, buyers, no rents to collect and no one to tax, it was not profitable. By 1729, all but one of the proprietors had sold their interest to King George II - and thus, North Carolina became a royal colony - under British control. North Carolina encouraged families to settle in the new land; and slowly, pioneers from northern states did begin to trickle into the State -- many from just over the Virginia border. One group of pioneers dared the trek to central North Carolina (Jersey Settlement) after "The Daniel Coxe Affair" - a major land swindle in New Jersey in the mid 1700s. A more steady flow was generated by Governor Gabriel Johnson, a Scot, who believed that the colony would be greatly enhanced by the addition of Highlanders. To attract such immigration, he offered free land grants and even possible exemption from taxation for a time. That's where the Arran Hendrys come into play.
One large group arrived, by sea, on The Thistle in 1739 with 350 passengers. They had sailed, in July, from Campbeltown, Kintyre, following the recommendations of a committee of leading citizens who had already made at least one advance trip to the Carolinas much earlier -- as early as 1729. Led by Neill Du MacNeill ('Black' Neil of Ardelay), this group of Gaelic speakers included Armstrongs, McAlesters, Clarks, Colvins, Alexanders, McKays, McLaughlins, McLachlans, McNeills, McPhersons, Stevens, Buies, Camerons, McDuffies, McCranies, Pattersons, Campbells, Stewarts, Connors, Wards, McGaws, McDougalds, McGills, Smiths, Smylies, and others.
The following year, the leaders: Duncan Campbell of Kilduskland, Dugald MacNeal, Coll McAlister and Neal McNeal, successfully petitioned for ten years' remission of taxes in order to establish themselves plus a grant of L$1,000 for distribution to those in need. There were about ninety families in this first party, of whom twenty-two individuals were given grants of land. Duncan Campbell, claiming headright on those whom he had brought over, was granted some 2,643 acres. Over the years, these initial settlers were followed by several thousand natives of Arran, Kintyre, Knapdale, Islay and Jura, and later by emmigrants from other areas of Argyll and Breadalbane.
No passenger's list exists for this first large group, but apparently it did bring a few Henry/Hendrys. Case in point: three (3) Hendrys (Henrys) are found in land records for the Black River area, New Hanover Co., N.C. shortly after their arrival. From original records, Land Grant Office Archives, Raleigh, NC: NOTE: 1729: New Hanover Co. formed from Craven Co.;and 1734: Bladen Co. formed from New Hanover and Bath Cos.
March 1742 - Alexander Colvin ¹ , 300 acres east side Black River above James Henry.The above indicates that three Henry/Hendrys - James, Charles and Alexander already owned land prior to 1742. Given that landowners would be 21 years of age or older - it's fair to deduce that all three were born in (or prior to) 1721-1722. We have an "abt" birth date for Alexander (md. Flora) as 1710-1720 - no actual birth records known to date. We know Alexander's children but many have unknown birth dates. One son, James was born calc. 1750 (based on tombstone) which would be in line with a father of 30-40 at his birth. But this would mean that Alexander's sons, James and Charles, could not be one of the landowners at that time. Land grants were usually given to males who had the potential of increasing the community -- with children. Certainly, older male Hendrys may well have been there; but it's unlikely they were amongst the grants. We do know of a James Hendry (b. abt 1710 Scotland) - progenitor of the Turkey Branch Hendrys. His only known son was Neal (Cornelius) "of Turkey Branch," whose land adjoined Corbett's corner; the same land, two generations later, was (then) part of the partitioned land of Alexander's (alleged) grandson, Alexander "Sandy" Hendry (1869). This Charles and Alexander having adjacent land - a close relationship is likely: brothers? James also was in close proximity. For the time being, we are going to assume that they were peers -- of close range in age. Possibly brothers.
Interesting note here: Alexander Hendry's land mentioned above represents the nucleus of the later formed White Oak Plantation, Ivanhoe, N.C. - in the Black River area - exactly where the Argyle Colony of 1739 settled when they first arrived from Kintyre, Scotland (neighboring peninsula to Arran). Historians agree: The Black River Presbyterian Church, a few miles from Brown Marsh near Ivanhoe NC, was founded by the early Scottish emigrant members of the Argyll Colony shortly after 1740. This is the same church (and area) that is mentioned in the Robert Hendry (wife, Ann Lee) family history - a Hendry who, allegedly, arrived from Scotland in the 1770s from Arran, Scotland.
North Carolina was beginning to attract Hendrys from within this New World.
1743: We find Willliam Henry/Hendry as a taxpayer in Edgecombe Co., N.C. Then in 1757 Bertie Co: Edward Henry; followed by Robert HenDry in 1781. Halifax Co. was formed - separating Edgecombe and Bertie Cos. In 1783 Halifax, we find William Hendrie (estate) & Michael and Nicholas Henry. For further study, see Edgecombe / Bertie Hendrys.
The following is a chronological listing of "other" Henry/Hendrys, as taxpayers, in North Carolina. Census added (1786) etc.
1717 & 1721 / Chowan Co. No. Henry/ J. Henry (no additional data)
Last updated: 19 May 2010